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Uphinda-phindo kunye impahla ka-elahlukileyo indalo


intengiselwano, ulwahlulo, okanye ukwahlulwa a septemba)

Kunye nemvumelwano (okanye isigwebo) ulwahlulo iziphumo kwi-ukuchithwa kwezindlu i-communion (nokuba iwonga association of the communion)Nje kungenxa yokuba kubukho isivumelwano (agreement) kwi-ukwahlulwa edibeneyo ipropati (kwaye, eyona imbi kunjalo, inyaniso abachopheli-nkqubo ukwahlula) zinokwenzeka enye izisombululo, okanye no (njengoko i-mere upelo ye-cadastre ka-real estate kwi-town). Ulwahlulo rhoqo lunika iingxaki ukuba banike banyukele iingxaki (ukuba ingaba eguquliweyo i kwi-litigation) xa uzama ukusebenzisa nokwenza ukuchithwa kwezindlu i-communion. Wokuqala ingxaki enxulumene ukwahlula ngu emvelo kwi-uchazo abantu abaya kufuneka bathathe inxaxheba ulwahlulo (okanye ukuchithwa kwezindlu i-communion), uphinda-phindo, kufuneka bathathe inxaxheba bonke co-mhlaba, kukho umbuzo into ixabiso babe a ukwahlula kwenziwa kuphela yi-ezinye co-mhlaba (waza wathunyelwa umnini ngaphandle kuba yayo kunokwenzeka accession). Kwi imeko na uxwebhu lomgaqo-uphinda-phindo, esayiniweyo kuphela yi-ezinye co-mhlaba ebeya kuba isemthethweni uhlobo a mere proposal yongameleyo, nto leyo ekusetyenzwe 'ukuba' kwaye 'xa' kuya kubakho ukwamkelwa bonke co-mhlaba. Kuloyisa obstacle ye-uchazo lwe karhulumente apho kufuneka bathathe inxaxheba kwi ulwahlulo, contractual okanye procedural), kufuneka siqalise ukuba materiare okunokukhethwa kuko (icandelo) izinto kwaye ngeli iqonga kukho iingxaki ezininzi ukuba ingaba kwenzeka. Wokuqala inyathelo ukuze ikwazi ukuqhubeka ukuba ulwahlulo ingaba uchazo lwe isabelo (ithe ngqo) nganye co-umnini, kwaye ukuba lento i-elula kwi-communions 'elula' (apho ukuba iwonga uthi nto isabelo ngu njengokuba ingaphakathi efanayo nganye co-umnini), ngakumbi complex ngu, endaweni ke, ukuchongwa nganye nganye izahlulo kubukho a ukwahlula ekubeni njengoko injongo ilifa elo (apho izahlulo ngamnye indlalifa kuxhomekeke succession ab intestato, ukususela yayo ubudlelwane kunye testator, okanye kwi-succession ngu-uza zixhomekeke, precisely, ngentando testator kuchazwe kwi-iya).

Kunjalo, ukuba akunakwenzeka ukuba awuhlonele unguye

Nto alibabali ukuba kwimeko imbambano kwi isabelo - co-mhlaba kungena isivumelwano i-id okanye quantificativo ka-oyedwa iiyunithi, nge-store of assessment okanye intengiselwano (m. Ingaba ezi ngxaki waqala uyakwazi ukuqhubeka kwimathiriyali uphinda-phindo (okunokukhethwa kuko) ngokufanayo izinto yi-proceeding ukuba ukumiselwa kwebandla i-iziqephu (kukho abaninzi kangaka co-mhlaba) kwaye ixabiso isabelo ngasinye kufuneka thelekisa ixabiso share kwaye, ngokufanelekileyo, akayi zingaphezu ixabiso i-co-ubunini share ngamnye nxaxheba kwi-communion. Umthetho-siseko, lento iselwa linear xa kufuneka iqwalasele ukuba akunakwenzeka kuba holder nge share no omnye ngeelwimi ezine enokuba inxalenye xabiso no omnye (ngaphandle ezikhethekileyo iimeko abaya kunika nobomi m. d. Ukuqhubeka kwimathiriyali ukumiselwa kwebandla i-iziqephu kufuneka ulandele-siseko homogeneity: isabelo attributed ngamnye co-umnini uya ziqulathe zonke izinto langoku kwi-communion (aph. m.m. 'Ngokulawulwa izibonelelo amanqaku kwaye m m, iziqephu kufuneka bamisela kwaye kubandakanywa quantity ifenitshala, real estate, iicredit efanayo indalo kwaye umgangatho, indawo ekuyo into ukuba iqumrhu ngalinye umlinganiso'. Umgaqo we-uniformity ka-ukumiselwa kwebandla i-iziqephu, okanye umgaqo we-indawo ekuyo into ka impahla yexabiso ukuba sisiseko isabelo nokutya ezizodwa (kwezinye iimeko kuphela apparent, njengoko kwimeko apho okulungileyo buza imisebenzi, mathiriyali ukuba abe materially umahlule, kwaye uphumezo ezi imisebenzi, lizaku kucinywa ukuba ixesha emva uphinda-phindo, cinga ityala apho kuyimfuneko ukuba nyusa a ulwahlulo eludongeni). Kukho statutory ezizodwa kwaye isitsho-siseko we-homogeneity kubonisiwe yi-efanayo legislator, amanqaku kwaye m.m. Kukho kanjalo derogations kwi-siseko homogeneity ye-iziqephu ezibangela ukuba ukususela logic (okanye, ngakumbi ngokulula, yi-ithuba). Eneneni, umthetho-siseko homogeneity kusenokuba waived xa-aplikeshini ye-siseko homogeneity ingaba iziphumo a ukumona ilungelo lwe ukuze inxalenye ixabiso proportionally ehambelana ukuba isixa-mali yamiselwa nganye kwi ngokwesiqu, njengoko babe kwenzeka kwimeko nokungalingani ye-izahlulo, kodwa kanjalo xa, umzekelo, fractionation a single ukulunga kuya kuba ubomi ukuba zimbini izinto ixabiso economically inferior ukwenza okulungileyo enye, okanye xa iindleko kuyimfuneko imisebenzi kuba uphinda-phindo ngu disproportionate ukuba ixabiso asethi. Kuyimfuneko ukuba distinguish i-derogations kwi-siseko homogeneity ukususela imathiriyali inkqubo efanayo-siseko, eneneni, sifanele ukucela ukuba kubukho a communion kunye ezintathu co-mhlaba, apho phantsi yamandulo incwadi, zimbini iimoto, kwaye, ekugqibeleni, apartments, kwi-siseko homogeneity isebenza kwi-wonke omnye okulungileyo (kwaye baya kwazi ukuba umkhosi violated umzekelo, ngasentla, hayi ke ukwazi ukuba angakudlakathisi ngokwasemzimbeni zahlukaniswe kwi ezintathu iziqephu, incwadi okanye ezimbini drive), okanye kufuneka isetyenziswe kwi-wedding ye-unyaka ka-ubulungu, imali, ezilungileyo mobile, real estate kwi-yokugqibela hypothesis, umzekelo assumed ngentla, kukho izakuba a communion bamisela yi-zintathu izinto (incwadi endala u-iimoto) kwaye ezintathu real-estate iimpahla (apartments). Kwi ga kubalulekile argued ukuba iindidi apho ingaba umahlule impahla yexabiso zahlukaniswe, ngeenjongo a ehlobo lunye ukumiselwa kwebandla kwiyunithi, ingaba kuphela abo kumiselweyo ngumthetho unguye. m, oko kukuthi abo ipropati, ifenitshala kwaye iimali-mboleko, kwaye ukuba, ngokubhekiselele i-ubulungu izinto kwezi iindidi, koko babe abanye kubo kuba yabelwe kuba yonke quota, kwaye abanye, nkqu ukuba baya kuba ezahlukeneyo iimpawu kwezinye share, ngokulawulwa kuyimfuneko-lungiswe, ukususela ilungelo lwe ukuba inxalenye kwi-uhlobo nganye iindidi izinto kwi-communion akusebenzi consist kwi-realization ye-fractionation ka-quotistico ka-oyedwa amaqumrhu belonging omnye udidi, kodwa iliza elingunxantathu ukwahlulwa ipropati ibandakanywe zintathu iindidi ipropati, ifenitshala kwaye iimali-mboleko, ekubeni ukuphepha i-excessive yahlula ka-impahla yexabiso kwi-communion ukuba ibandakanya ukumona ekunene wangaphambili eminent ka-yokwabelana get kwi-sokugweba yongameleyo, inxalenye ixabiso proportionately ehambelana ukuba elo ilifa, okanye nangona kunjalo complex ufuna ukwahlula. (ngoba, umzekelo, kukho omnye okulungileyo kwi-communion, kwaye lento ukwahlula hluleka), i-co-umnini abo akakwazi ukufumana inxalenye ezilungileyo kuyo indalo (kuquka ngaphakathi communion) kufuneka lunxulumano njengoko i-uhlenga-hlengiso kwi-mali, ukuba bekungenjalo, kufumana ithe ngqo impahla ka-ngaphantsi ixabiso kunokuba yakhe share. Ngokufanelekileyo, luxanduva co-umnini ofumana a indawana nokwandisa ixabiso lakhe share kwi-obligation diversare i-ungqinelwano kwi-idolo abo bafumene indawana thoba ixabiso quota. Ngale ndlela, oko restores ungqinelwano kwi ulwahlulo.